google_ad_height = 90; This Portable Document file is furnished free and without any charge of any kind. v. 1, it is clear that it was composed after the Anabasis. Defeat of the Mallians at the river Hydraotes, XII. THE ANABASIS OF ALEXANDER BY ARRIAN Arrianos of Nikomedia in Bithynia was a Greek historian and sometime consul of Rome who wrote the most detailed account of Alexander the Great’s reign (336-323 BC). Escape of Darius into Media.—March of Alexander to Babylon and Susa, XVIII. 1 (1976), pp. Siege of Tyre.—Construction of a Mole from the Mainland to the Island, XXII. He accompanied his patron to Rome, where he received the Roman citizenship. Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri, (section 4.18.4-19.6). March through Carmania.—Punishment of Viceroys, XXIX. Publisher: Wyatt North Publishing, LLC. [32], Was a friend during childhood, and both were educated by Aristotle. Incredulity of Eratosthenes.—Passage of the Indus, VIII. . Only fragments of this and the Parthica remain. Capture of Bazira.—Advance to the Rock of Aornus, XXX. - p. 389),[7] of which Arrian's account of the life of him is the best extant,[8] in that it is the most complete and reliable (E. March to Bactra.—Bessus aided by Satibarzanes, XXVII. Borza). ;[2] Ἱστορίαι Ἀναβάσεως 'Αλεξάνδρον, Historíai Anabáseōs Alexandron), was a history of the campaigns or expeditions ("anabasis")[4] into the Persian Empire by Alexander the Great. . Defeat of the Persians and Pursuit of Darius, XVI. The earlier literary efforts of Arrian were philosophical. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). [4] Previous to this he was appointed (A.D. 132) by Hadrian, Governor of Cappadocia, which province was soon after invaded by the Alani, or Massagetae, whom he defeated and expelled. Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles. A.G. Roos - Anabasis Tufts University and Leipzig University [Retrieved 2015-05-07], John Mark Ockerbloom - The Online Books Page, Arrian, Aubrey de Sélincourt (Translator), J.R. Hamilton The Campaigns of Alexander Goodreads Inc (Penguin Classics) [Retrieved 2015-05-07], P. A. Brunt, Arrian - Anabasis of Alexander, Volume I Loeb Classical Library 236 [Retrieved 2015-05-07], Arrian, M Hammond, J Atkinson -Alexander the Great: The Anabasis and the Indica Oxford University Press, 14 Feb 2013 ISBN 0199587248 [Retrieved 2015-05-07], DL Smith (Saint Louis University, St. Louis) - The Rhetoric of Interruption: Speech-Making, Turn-Taking, and Rule-Breaking in Luke-Acts and Ancient Greek Narrative(p.97) Walter de Gruyter, 31 Aug 2012 ISBN 3110296519 [Retrieved 2015-04-03], N. G. L. Hammond - for Alexander the Great: An Analysis of Plutarch's 'Life' and Arrian's 'Anabasis Alexandrou' (p.32) Cambridge University Press, 13 Aug 2007 (reprint) ISBN 0521714710 [Retrieved 2015-05-02], M Sartre (Professor of History, University of Tours and the Institut Universitaire de France) - Histoires Grecques: Snapshots from Antiquity Harvard University Press, 1 Jan 2009 ISBN 0674032128[Retrieved 2015-04-05], J Tyldesley - Cleopatra: Last Queen of Egypt Profile Books, 26 May 2011 ISBN 1847650449 (483 pages)[Retrieved 2015-04-05], JD Lyons (associate professor of history and political science at Ashland University) - Alexander the Great and Hernán Cortés: Ambiguous Legacies of Leadership Lexington Books, 2015 ISBN 1498505287 [Retrieved 2015-04-05], U Singh (Professor in the Department of History at the University of Delhi) - A History of Ancient and Early Medieval India: From the Stone Age to the 12th Century(p.275) Pearson Education India, 2008 ISBN 813171120X [Retrieved 2015-04-08], Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from April 2015, WorldHeritage pages needing cleanup from April 2015, Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2015, All articles with links needing disambiguation, Articles with links needing disambiguation from July 2015, Articles with dead external links from January 2012, Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri, translated by E.J. . //-->. Anabasis Alexandri, books I-IV -- 2. I. Though inspired with admiration for his hero, the author evinces impartiality and freedom from hero-worship. About The Campaigns of Alexander ‘His passion was for glory only, and in that he was insatiable’ Although written over four hundred years after Alexander’s death, Arrian’s Campaigns of Alexander is the most reliable account of the man and his achievements we have. . The Army Recruited from the Persians.—Hephaestion's Memory Honoured, XXVII. Though it may be looked upon as a supplement to the Anabasis, Arrian often refers in the one work to the other. WHEBN0000900110 Full Text Search Details... By THOMAS DE QUINCEY A PENN STATE ELECTRONIC CLASSICS SERIES PUBLICATION The Note Book of an English Opium-Eater by Thomas de Quincey is a publicati... ...QUINCEY A PENN STATE ELECTRONIC CLASSICS SERIES PUBLICATION The Note Book of an English Opium-Eater by Thomas de Quincey is a publication of the Penn... ...te Book of an English Opium-Eater by Thomas de Quincey is a publication of the Pennsylvania State University. This Portable Document file is furnished... ...sity. Alexander at the Tomb of Achilles.—Memnon's advice Rejected by the Persian Generals, XV. Lucius Flavius Arrianus - or Arrian, as he is usually called in the English language - was born in Nicomedia, one of the Greek towns in the Roman empire, between 85 and 90 CE. The Macedonians Offended at Alexander, XI. In many parts this book agrees nearly verbally with the larger work of Aelian on the same subject; but Leo Tactions (vii. Explain what this passage shows about why Arrian wrote the Anabasis. Neither of these histories has survived, but they served Arrian as the groundwork for the composition of his own narrative. Anabasis of Alexander. This page was last edited on 12 January 2020, at 21:50. Ten Thousand Macedonians sent Home witli Craterus.—Disputes between Antipater and Olympias, XV. Any person using this document file, for any purpose, and in a... ...e, for any purpose, and in any way does so at his or her own risk. This naval expedition was executed by him as Governor of Cappadocia. - p. 389), of which Arrian's account of the life of him is the best extant,in that it is the most complete and reliable (E. Borza). Embassies from Greece.—Fleet prepared for Invading Arabia, XX. Arrian was made governor of Cappadocia and had command of two Roman Anabasis is the most famous book of the Ancient Greek professional soldier and writer Xenophon. Alexander marches to Miletus and Occupies the Island of Lade, XX. He also made use of the letter's of Alexander. It was composed centuries after the fact by the historian Arrian. Getae, IV. The Note Book of an English Opium-Eater by Thomas de Quincey, the Pennsylvania State Univ... ...kedness of this man), that, upon entering the theatre, I found myself like Alexander Selkirk, in a frightful solitude, or like a single family of Arab... ... not. Peucestas appointed Viceroy of Persis, I. Alexander's Plans.—The Indian Philosophers, II. The latter untrustworthy book Arrian wished to supplant ​by his own narrative, principally based on the works of Megasthenes and Nearchus. . This is one of the most authentic and accurate of historical works. Harvard University Press comment on Anabasis of Alexander, Volume I - Translated by P. A. Brunt [Retrieved 2015-04-03], E. Borza, Introduction to Alexander the Great by Ulrich Wilcken (New York 1967) Southwestern University [Retrieved 2015-04-03], J Carlsen in - Roman rule in Greek and Latin Writing: Double Vision (p.217) BRILL, 4 Jul 2014 (edited by JM Madsen - associate professor in Greek and Roman history, Institute of History and Civilization, University of Southern Denmark, RD Rees) ISBN 9004278281 [Retrieved 2015-04-03], Brian Bosworth a retired Professor of Classics and Ancient History at, Errors in Arrian, Author(s): A. . Darius's Letter, and Alexander's Reply, XV. Composed by Arrian of Nicomedia in the second century AD, the work comprises seven books providing a broadly chronological account of the reign and campaigns of Alexander with a particular focus on military matters. A description of India, and of Nearchus's voyage thence, was to be a supplement. The Anabasis of Alexander is an account of Alexander the Great's campaigns. 1) speaks of a fifth book of these Discourses. . [1], According to the Smith division, he further states that all twelve books survived apart from a gap in the twelfth chapter of the seventh book, a factor which is present in all extant MSS. Marriages between Macedonians and Persians, VI. [27], Arrian stated Ptolemy son of Lagos (a commander in Alexander's army [28]) and Aristobulus son of Aristobulus (an architect [28]) as the primary sources for information for the contents of the piece (DL Smith 2012),[29] both of these accompanied Alexander on the anabasis. In consequence of this, he assumed the name of Flavius. . Xenophon, the most Attic of prose writers, mentions pointedly in his Anabasis, that the T en Thousand, when retreating through snowy mountains, ... ... out of their way, if you mean to mor- alize much longer. The best editions of the Anabasis are the following:—The editio princeps by Trincavelli, Venice, 1535; Gerbel, Strassburg, 1539; Henri Estienne, 1575; N. Blancardus, Amsterdam, 1668; J. Gronovius, Leyden, 1704; G. Raphelius, Amsterdam, 1757; A. C. Borkeck, Lemgovia, 1792; F. Schmieder, Leipzig, 1798; Tauchnitz edition, Leipzig, 1818; J. O. Ellendt, Königsberg, 1832; C. W. Krüger, Berlin, 1835; F, Dübner, Paris, 1846; K. Abicht, Leipzig, 1871. The work named Indica, is a description of India, and was usually united in manuscripts with the Anabasis, as an eighth book. . Different authors have given different accounts of Alexander's life; and there is no one about whom more have written, or more at variance with each other. The Anabasis of Alexander or, The History of the Wars and Conquests of Alexander the Great Language: English: LoC Class: DF: History: General and Eastern Hemisphere: Greece: LoC Class: PA: Language and Literatures: Classical Languages and Literature: Subject: Alexander, the Great, 356 B.C.-323 B.C. [26], A new translation was made by Martin Hammond published as Oxford World's Classics by Oxford University Press in 2013. He also compiled The Enchiridion of Epictetus, an abstract of the philosophy of Epictetus, which is still extant. Alexander's Treatment of the Captured Greek Ambassadors.—Submission of Byblus and Sidon, XVI. Arrian, Greek historian and philosopher who was one of the most distinguished authors of the 2nd-century Roman Empire. Description of Arabia.—Voyage of Nearchus, XXI. 5; xxv. Many rivers, villages, battle sites and ethnic groups do not appear on them. Speech of Alexander to his Officers, XVIII. It is primarily a military history and has little to say about Alexander's personal life, his role in Greek politics or the reasons why the campaign against Persia was launched in the first place. The Anabasis Alexandri is an historical account written by Arrian. Destruction of Halicarnassus.—Ada, Queen of Caria, XXV. Bithynica in eight books, a work often quoted by Eustathius in his commentaries to the Iliad and to Dionysius Periegetes. google_ad_height = 600; Exploration of the Caspian.—The Chaldaean Soothsayers, XVII. [11] In another case the work is divided into twelve books. //-->, This article will be permanently flagged as inappropriate and made unaccessible to everyone. Death of Philip and Accession of Alexander.—His Wars with the Thracians, III. This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Narrative and Miscellaneous Papers by Thomas de Quincey is a publication of the Pennsylvania State University. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization. - p.xi), who died in 323 BC (ref. The Offers of Darius rejected.—Batis, Governor of Gaza, refuses to Submit, I. Conquest of Egypt.—Foundation of Alexandria, II. [36], Other sources were Diodotus of Erythrae, Eumenes of Cardia (who kept a so called royal diary [38]), Nearchus of Crete, Megasthenes,[1] Eratosthenes, Aristus, and Asclepiades. Defeat of the Aspasians.—The Assaoenians and Guraeans Attacked, XXVIII. google_ad_width = 160; A student of Epictetus, Arrian took notes at his lectures and published them (in eight books of which we have four, The Discourses) and also the Encheiridion or Manual of Epictetus. I have admitted into my narrative as strictly authentic all the statements relating to Alexander and Philip which Ptolemy, son of Lagus,[11] and Aristobulus, son of Aristobulus,[12] agree in making; and from those statements which differ I have selected that which appears to me ​the more credible and at the same time the more deserving of record. Lucian in his treatise. The Blancard edition was printed in Amsterdam in 1688. A description of India, and of Nearchus's voyage thence, was to be a supplement. Hammond's translation is excellent too. Photius mentions among Arrian's historical works:—The Events after Alexander, in ten books, which gives the history of Alexander's successors. [14], J.R.Hamilton's analysis of the text of the Anabasis faults Arrian for two things: a tendency to be narrow and to omit the details of Alexander's activities, specifically where they were less promoting of his subject; and a failure to mention the leader's intentions. [10], A structural analysis shows the work to be divided in one case, into seven books. [4] B. Bosworth, Source: The Classical Quarterly, New Series, Vol. 1), he distinguishes Xenophon by the addition the elder. The Anabasis of Alexander is an account of Alexander the Great's campaigns. [34], He witnessed the defeat of Darius III in 333, and was present at the time of the taking of control of Egypt. . It is important literature for any serious research. Execution of Callisthenes and Hermolaus, XV. [25], A translation was made by the late P.A.Brunt, Volume I was published by Harvard University Press as Loeb Classical Library 236 in 1976. This work was published before January 1, 1926, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago. 92) has preserved many extracts from this work. Campaign against Oxycanus and Sambus, XVII. Alexander's Tactics.—His Speech to the Officers, XV. Description of Darius's Army at Arbela, IX. Alliance with the Scythians and Chorasmians, XVI. . [22], The edition used by the Perseus Digital Library online is the A.G. Roos edition published at Leipzig in 1907. . google_ad_width = 728; 117-139, Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Classical Association, Stable URL:, CA Evans - (Payzant Distinguished Professor of New Testament at Acadia Divinity College, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada) - The World of Jesus and the Early Church: Identity and Interpretation in Early Communities of Faith (p.210) Hendrickson Publishers, 2011 ISBN 1598568256 [Retrieved 2015-04-03], (edited by Alexander Chalmers) - The General Biographical Dictionary: Containing an Historical and Critical Account of the Lives and Writings of the Most Eminent Persons in Every Nation: Particularly the British and Irish; from the Earliest Accounts to the Present Time, Volume 20 J. Nichols, 1815 [Retrieved 2015-04-06](ed. Self-sacrifice of the Indian Calanus, IV. The Campaigns of Alexander, also titled The Anabasis of Alexander, is a history of Alexander the Great of Macedon, focusing on his conquest of the Persian Empire. There are five main surviving written sources that provide us with most of our information on Alexander the Great’s campaigns in general and the Battle of the Hydaspes in particular. [9], Written in Attic Greek, it is addressed to the Philhellene elite (Carlsen 2014). I have noticed as many of his deviations from Attic Greek constructions as I thought suitable to a work of this kind. Ptolemy's mother, Arsinoe, had been a concubine of Philip of Macedon, for which reason it was generally believed that Ptolemy was the offspring of that king. Invasion of the Land of the Cathaeans, XXV. Conquest of Cappadocia.—Alexander's Illness at Tarsus, V. Alexander at the Tomb of Sardanapalus.—Proceedings in Cilicia, VI. From section 26 of the Periplus we find that this voyage must have taken place about the year 131 or 132 A.D.; for the death of King Cotys II., noticed, ​in that passage as just dead, is proved by Böckh's investigations to have occurred in 131 A.D. Two other geographical works, The Periplus of the Bed Sea and The Periplus of the Euxine, formerly ascribed to Arrian, are proved to belong to a later date. Subjugation of the Cossaeans.—Embassies from Distant Nations, XVI. IV. Lucian (Alex. A valuable geographical work by Arrian has come down to us, called "Περίπλους πόντου Εύξείνου" a description of a voyage round the coasts of the Euxine. The Anabasis of Alexander - Wikipedia Arrian's 'Anabasis' also known as 'The Campaigns of Alexander' is an intellectual descendent of Herodotus, Xenophon and Thucydides. Joy of the Soldiers at Alexander's Recovery, XIV. Alexander the Great was already a historical figure and "larger than life" character by the time Arrian wrote his CAMPAIGNS OF ALEXANDER. See Photius (cod. Gellius (xix. The Diary and the Letters of Alexander the Great 43I his Anabasis.6 Arrian tells us enough, however, to establish his reputation as an XI. A complete index of Proper Names has been added, and the quantities of the vowels marked for the aid of the English Reader. v. 1. Indica, book VIII 31 35 Show more [3] Photius says, that Arrian had a distinguished career in Rome, being entrusted with various political offices, and at last reaching the supreme dignity of consul under ​Antoninus Pius. [1] E.J. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-2707004110972434"; His parents must have been well to do, because they were Roman citizens. De Exp. 85) expressly mentions the two works as distinct. Dispute between Callisthenes and Anaxarchus, XI. . [9] From this we may infer that the author wished the Indica to be considered a distinct book from the Anabasis; and from the remark in Anab.